A data lake is ultimately a central data repository that stores both structured and unstructured data. It can handle large volumes of data that are highly diverse in nature. It is important to ensure that you create and implement a well-designed data lake to ensure you properly store and can gain access to the data generated by your organisation. This will ultimately improve decision-making in an organisation.
In this article, we will discuss data lake creation and architecture.
Data Lake Architecture
There are a few key attributes and phases that every data lake should possess in its architecture to ensure that it functions optimally and provides a business with value.
- Data Ingestion: At this stage of the process, raw data is ingested into the data lake. This data can be ingested in batches or in real-time; however, it is preferable for this to occur in real-time. This data is then organised into a folder structure that is logical. This raw data can be sourced from various locations.
- A Defined Data Structure: The raw data that has been ingested and organised is then converted into structured data. Once it has been converted, it is once again stored in files and tables. This phase includes the processes of denormalising, cleansing, and deriving the data.
- Data Processing: In the processing phase, user queries and analytical tools are applied and executed. These processes may also be executed in real-time, in batches, or interactively, depending on your specific needs.
- Data Insights: In this phase, users typically request to view data. This data is presented via a report or dashboard for easy understanding. These insights are usually requested and retrieved by making use of SQL and/or NoSQL queries.
How Do You Create a Successful Data Lake?
To ensure that you create a successful data lake that easily ingests and updates your data in real-time while protecting your data from breaches, it is advisable to enlist the assistance of a company that specialises in data lake creation and architecture. As experts in their field, these companies will be able to provide you with sound advice on which software and methods to apply that will ensure the success of your data lake creation process. They will also be able to ensure that your data lake pipeline is optimised, allowing for greater efficiency and data insights that are more accurate.
B2IT is a company that specialises in all forms of data and automation to ensure that your business is supported by access to constant and real-time data, allowing you to plan ahead and make informed decisions.
Contact B2IT to find out more about the benefits of data lake creation and business automation.